Down's Syntrome

Down syndrome I described as the most common chromosomal abnormality in human with an incident of 1 in every 700 live births.  It is classified most frequently as trisomy 21[triplication of genetic material] but also as translocation of chromosomal material. The impact on functional abilities of physical, medical, intellectual, sensory and motor characteristics common to the child with Down syndrome. Most areas of development are affected by this syndrome.

PHYSICAL:

  • Short, wide head with flattened occiput
  • Flattened nasal bridge.
  • Minimal space in the oral cavity
  • Short broad hands with short fingers and short curved little fingers
MEDICAL:
  • Duodenal stenosis
  • Cardiac problems
  • Hematologic abnormalities
  • Seizure disorder obstructive sleep apnea.

SENSORY:
The sensory processing deficits of the child with Down syndrome include deficits in sensory registration and modulation of senses that negatively impact motor performance, attention and behavior.

MOTOR:
The most frequently described problems that affect overall development include hypotonia, inadequate development of postural control and impaired praxis.
The movement, sensory, and cognitive deficits affect functional performance in gross motor, fine motor and oro-motor areas.

PRAXIS:
The movement, sensory and cognitive deficits presented by the child with Down syndrome affects the development of practic skills. Including ideation, planning and execution. Ideation skills are often impacted by cognitive skills.