Learning disability (sometimes called a learning disorder or learning difficulty), is a disorder in which a person has difficulty learning in a typical manner, usually caused by an unknown factor or factors. The unknown factor is the disorder that affects the brain's ability to receive and process information. This disorder can make it problematic for a person to learn as quickly or in the same way as someone who isn't affected by a learning disability. Learning disability is not indicative of intelligence level. Rather, people with a learning disability have trouble performing specific types of skills or completing tasks if left to figure things out by themselves or if taught in conventional ways. A learning disability cannot be cured or fixed. With the right support and intervention, however, people with learning disabilities can succeed in school and go on to be successful later in life.

Following can be the probable early signs of learning disability:

  • Significant delay in development of speech
  • Delay in development of fine motor skills
  • Difficulty in pronouncing words. Child often has difficulty separating/sequencing sounds in words (cinema for cinema) or blending sounds (kirket for cricket)
  • Difficulty or slowness to add new vocabulary words
  • Unable to recall the right word.
  • Inability to rhyme by age 4 years
  • Difficulty in tying shoelaces.
  • Confusion in directional words and space concepts, left vs. right, over vs. under, before vs. after.
  • Lack of dominant handedness (switches from right hand to left hand between tasks or even while doing the same task)
  • May have trouble learning the alphabet, numbers, day of the week, colors, and shapes
  • May have difficulty telling and/or retelling a story in the correct sequence.

Recommendations:

  • Occupational Therapy
  • Special Education

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