Occupational therapy

Occupational therapy is as a profession concerned with promoting health and well being through occupation. The primary goal of occupational therapy is to enable people to participate in the activities of everyday life. Occupational therapists achieve this outcome by enabling people to do things that will enhance their ability to participate or by modifying the environment to better support participation. (In accord with WFOT).
Occupational therapy has an immense role in pediatrics, where the occupational therapists aim at providing therapeutic measures in order to facilitate child’s holistic development and achieve optimum independence in almost all areas of life.
The children who benefit from occupational therapy may not always be developmentally delayed; there are cases of PDD NOS, child birth anomalies, neuro developmental problems, etc. who seek benefit from occupational therapy. Sensory regulation or sensory processing deficits, Fine motor developmental delays or deficits, Emotional and behavioral disturbances are also such areas to which occupational therapy caters.

What are the specific areas in which the Occupational therapist can help my child?
Following are some of the prime areas in which an occupational therapist may help your child:

  • Attention and focus
  • Developmental Delays
  • Writing problems
  • Self dressing/grooming (Activities of Daily Living)
  • Strengthening – general and specific
  • Fine motor concerns
  • Coordination difficulties
  • Sensory motor processing
  • Perceptual difficulties
  • Oral motor weakness[tightness]

You may need the help of an occupational therapist if your child has:

  • Poor sensory regulation and organization
  • Delayed gross and/or fine motor skills
  • Poor pre-writing and handwriting skills
  • Difficulty with motor planning and sequencing activities
  • Delayed or limited repertoire of play skills
  • Poor oral-motor control for feeding (sucking, chewing, swallowing)
  • Delayed or limited self-care skills (i.e., managing clothing fastenings, self-feeding,        
  • preparing a simple snack, managing money)
  • Limited social skills or behavioral-adaptive skills (i.e., coping skills, establishing
  •  Friendships, cooperative play with peers).