Special Education is a branch of education which studies about individuals who have problems or special talents in thinking, seeing, hearing, speaking and socializing. The major goal of special education is to develop and utilize the maximum potential of children with special needs and empowering their lives

Special education programme are always individulised instructional programme, which the child current level of functioning provides the basis for identifying teaching methods and materials, suited to each child. The task of teaching is to be carefully analyzed and sequenced. An attempt is made that every child reaches his/her optimum potential and attains an independent level of functioning.


The main purpose of IEP is to provide 'appropriate education and training to children with special needs' Before writing IEP, proper assessment is done to collect information about Current level of performance, strength and weakness of the child, Likes and Interest of the child, sensory issues and tolerance level, Specific pattern of Learning, Specific discrepancies in skill Development, comprehension, communication and level of Independence in various situations (Generalization Concept).

Main Features of Special Education

  • It provides unique needs of each child
  • It provides individual attention to each child
  • It develops basic living skills[ADL] for personal independence
  • It provides a structured learning programmed for the child in accord with these deficits skills.
  • It enables the child to gain social, emotional and intellectual development.
  • It provides a variety of experiences to the child according to age and IQ level.

Treatment addresses

  • Cognitive Rehabilitation
  • Gross motor and fine motor skills
  • Communication(Receptive & Expressive)
  • Socio-emotional development
  • Developing ADL & Self-care skills

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